Do practice tests reduce anxiety?

As students prepare for exams, it is no surprise that test anxiety creeps in. The pressure to perform well and the fear of failure can turn the whole experience into a daunting challenge. In response to this challenge, teachers are constantly seeking effective strategies to support students in their exam preparation. One such strategy that has been gaining attention: practice testing.

Keep reading to uncover the true power of Practice Testing (not only as an effective learning strategy but also as a means to address exam-related stress) and learn more about:

  • What is practice testing?
  • What is test anxiety?
  • The benefits of practice testing
  • What the research says

 

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What is practice testing?

Practice testing is a form of answering questions that involves retrieving information from memory using quizzes, exams or other assessment methods.

Unlike traditional studying methods such as re-reading notes or highlighting text, practice testing requires students to actively engage with the material and retrieve it from their long-term memory – in other words, it can be seen as a form of Retrieval Practice. This process has been shown to solidify learning and prepare students for real assessments.

What is test anxiety?

Test anxiety is a physiological response to the stress and pressure associated with taking an exam. It can arise before, during or after testing situations.

A little bit of stress can improve performance; however, when a student’s anxiety levels are so high that their normal functioning is hindered, their learning can significantly suffer. Some nerves around exams are inevitable, but it is important that students do not let their anxiety affect their learning. Finding effective ways to overcome Test Anxiety is therefore important – and practice testing is one of them.

What are the benefits of practice testing for students?

  1. Enhancing long-term memory retention

The act of retrieving learned information during a practice test forces the brain to re-consolidate the knowledge, strengthening neural connections and improving students’ ability to recall information.

  1. Improving metacognitive skills

Engaging with practice tests allows students to monitor their understanding and gauge their knowledge level on various subjects, improving their Metacognition. This self-awareness leads to better judgement of what topics they have mastered or need working on.

  1. Allowing room for feedback

After each practice test, students receive a clear indication of their current level of understanding, revealing not just the gaps in their knowledge, but also highlighting their progress. Practice tests allow for immediate feedback, so students can set small goals as they progress in their learning.

Performance under pressure students workshops for exams

So, how can practice testing help with test anxiety?

For many students, the anxiety they feel on tests is anything but beneficial. However, Practice Testing has been found to significantly reduce the stress associated with exams and even improve overall performance. Here is how:

  1. Familiarity breeds confidenceWhen students repeatedly engage in quizzes and taking tests, they become more familiar with the process and feel less intimidated. This familiarity can help reduce test anxiety and allow students to feel more confident in their abilities.

  2. Reducing the pressure – Practice tests such as multiple-choice questions are typically less high-stakes compared to actual exams, therefore helping to alleviate some of the pressure and stress associated with testing situations. This can make the experience less daunting for students and allow them to perform better when it comes to the real exam.

  3. Identifying areas of improvementAs mentioned before, practice testing allows students to receive feedback on their understanding and pinpoint areas that require more attention in their studies. This can alleviate anxiety as students can set small goals and slowly work towards them.

What does the research say?

In a study, 72% of students reported that taking regular practice tests such as quizzes on previously-learnt material made them feel less nervous when taking exams.

Additionally, in a comprehensive review of 24 studies, researchers found strong evidence that practise tests reduce test anxiety when preparing for a summative exam. Beyond reducing test anxiety, practice tests have been proven to also enhance long-term retention of information, which definitely helps with exams.

The analysis proposed two mechanisms which could explain why practice tests reduce test anxiety...

  1. Enhancing learning

Practice tests motivate students to study harder and prepare better for future assessments. This reduces worry about poor performance and decreases test anxiety. Practice tests also allow students to identify their strengths and weaknesses, allowing them to target their studying better. It also gives teachers an opportunity to track students’ progress and tailor lessons to their needs.

  1. Reducing uncertainty

The study suggests that practice tests reduce test anxiety by reducing uncertainty, giving students more preparation with what an exam situation looks and feels like. With students somewhat prepared and aware of what to expect from the real tests, their anxiety levels should decrease.

Final thoughts

The evidence suggests that practice testing is not only a memory boosting and learning tool, but also a mighty strategy to overcome test anxiety. Not only can it empower our learners to excel academically, but it can also equip them to triumph over one of the most prevalent obstacles to academic performance.

Performance under pressure students workshops for exams

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